100th anniversary of Ypres chlorine attack is reminder of need to get rid of all WMDs, says Red Cross chief

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RED Cross chiefs have marked the 100th anniversary of a deadly gas attack during the First World War to urge faster progress towards getting rid of weapons of mass destruction.

Chlorine gas was used by Germany in an attack on the Belgian town of Ypres, resulting in many troops being asphyxiated or shot as they attempted to flee.

The vice-president of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) Christine Beerli said: “Looking back at the history of international humanitarian law, it seems that the greatest atrocities, the greatest human catastrophes, lead to the broadest legislation.”

Ms Beerli said recent use of chemical weapons in Syria showed the need to continue the fight against WMDs
Ms Beerli said recent use of chemical weapons in Syria showed the need to continue the fight against WMDs

 

Speaking in Ypres, she added: “People in Syria have again borne the horrendous cost of attacks with deadly nerve agents and chlorine gas…worrying reports just last month from Idlib, Syria, suggest chlorine gas was once more used.”

Ms Beerli added that this did not mean that legal prohibition was a disappointment.

“On the contrary, the strength of any norm is tested in the breach, by how the international community reacts to violations.”

She said the broad condemnation of the use of chemical weapons in August 2013 and in recent weeks confirmed the universal value of their prohibition.

The Ypres attack led to the creation of the 1925 Geneva Protocol prohibiting the use of chemical and biological weapons in warfare.

This was subsequently strengthened by the 1993 Chemical Weapons convention.

A review conference for the Treaty on Nuclear Non-Proliferation starting in New York next week will be a turning point for progress in this area, Ms. Beerli said.

She urged all states to act with urgency and determination to bring the era of nuclear weapons to an end, warning: “If we wait for a nuclear catastrophe to happen, there might not be anyone left to draw lessons from it.”

But she also pointed out that conventional rockets, bombs and missiles, particularly those with large explosive power, used in densely populated areas are responsible for the overwhelming majority of deaths in today’s civilian conflicts.

The legal prohibition of the chlorine gas which killed thousands of soldiers in Ypres in 1915 did not prevent the attacks of two years ago or one month ago in Syria, Ms. Beerli said.
“It is therefore our duty to work not only for the law to exist. But also for it to be understood, to be accepted and to be respected.”

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