Scots in bid to boost Iraqi wildlife conservation


SCOTS will be at the head of a major £300,000 project which aims to conserve plants and animals in war-torn Iraq.

Focusing on the mountainous region of Kurdistan, the project will involve experts from the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, in partnership with Iraqi group Nature Iraq.

The project will generate new data for conservation and educate locals on the environment.

The team’s aim is to tackle the challenges of conservation resulting from nearly 30 years of scientific isolation due to conflict and civil unrest.

A training course in Kurdistan run by Nature Iraq


A particular focus is on Piramagroon in Kurdistan, northern Iraq, where guides to plants and wildlife have been produced.

Tony Miller, the Botanic Garden’s Centre for Middle Eastern Plants Director and UK project leader said: “The biodiversity of Iraq is extremely vulnerable following years of unstable government, breakdown in traditional land management and recent rapid development.

“What’s more the country has limited capacity to deal with threats to the environment. At present the only internal organisation engaged in conservation work is Nature Iraq.

“Supported by BirdLife International, since 2005, it has adopted a Key Biodiversity Areas (KBA) approach to identifying biodiverse-rich regions.

“The new funding will allow us to work with the two agencies towards conserving the country’s fragile environment.”

Locals are being taught to recognise rare birds and wildlife in the project


This is not the UK teams’ first involvement in Iraq. Both BirdLife and RBGE have been working with NI for several years, delivering training to Iraqi scientists.

These activities have involved staff, students and personnel from all major Iraqi organisations with an interest in the environment, including the major universities and Ministries in both Iraq and the Kurdish Autonomous Region (KAR).

Natural Environment Minister Richard Benyon said: “Iraq has suffered many years of war and conflict, and protecting its wildlife has understandably been a low priority.

“Things are now changing, and with work already underway to tackle threats to the environment it is clear Iraq has stepped up its efforts to conserve its vulnerable wildlife.”

“This project brings together the foremost British expertise in both Middle Eastern plants and birds to work in partnership with the Iraqi environmental NGO NatureIraq”, added Sophie Neale, CMEP’s Head of Biodiversity Programmes andUKproject manager.

“It will involve extensive fieldwork in the Kurdistan region of northern Iraq and will have a significant impact on conservation in the country. One legacy will be interactive identification guides to the biological diversity of Piramagroon, a Key Biodiversity Area, including photographic guides which can be downloaded to mobile phones.

The area of Piramagroon is classed as a key biodiversity area


Richard Porter, of BirdLife, commented: “Working with NatureIraqfor the past seven years has been inspiring and a great privilege. Their extensive wildlife surveys have produced a wealth of information and now there is a great opportunity to use this for an exciting education programme.”

Welcoming news of the grant, Nadheer Abood, CEO of NI, said: “In Iraq, conservation of species and habitats has languished far behind the rest of the world due to decades of war and civil unrest.

“Nature Iraq has been active in trying to change this situation since 2004 through conservation research and field studies. Now, in a partnership with the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh and BirdLife International, we will work together to plan and implement specific conservation tools at a proposed protected area in northern Iraq.

“Once developed these tools will help us in our efforts to create and expand a protected area network within  Iraq”.

RBGE’s Building Capacity For In-situ Conservation in Iraq project is one of 33 to receive a total £8.5 million UK Government funding under Defra’s Darwin Initiative.