Around 6,500 drivers were snared in the central belt, with hundreds more caught on the A90.
The figures were revealed in a Freedom Of Information act (FOI) request to a Sunday newspaper.
Most people were caught out on the M8, M74, and M73 roads, which run between Glasgow and South Lanarkshire.
The 50 mph yellow average speed cameras have been set up there whilst roadworks are carried out.
Between July and the end of December, 4,656 drivers were ordered to pay £100 fixed penalty notices for speeds up to 113mph.
And 935 motorists were caught on the A90, where speed cameras are in place whilst the new Forth Crossing is built.
The latest figures for the A9 show 5,918 drivers were caught breaking the average speed limit between October 2014 and October 2015.
Neil Greig, of the Institute of Advanced Motorists, said: “When you see figures this high you have to wonder if transport authorities are doing enough to make sure drivers known what speeds they should be doing.”
Transport Scotland, which looks after the road network for the Scottish Government, said safety cameras delivered “excellent levels of speed limit compliance.”